Researchers develop new material that could help set up a hydrogen society

Hydrogen Society - Hydrogen Storage

New material may pave the way for a hydrogen society

Researchers from the UC Davis College of Letters and Science have overcome a major technical challenge concerning the use of hydrogen fuel. This new advancement may open up the way to establishing a hydrogen society, something that Japan has been working to achieve in recent years. The research team has developed new nanofoams that can be used to store hydrogen in an efficient manner. These nanofoams could help solve the storage problem that has faced hydrogen for many years.

Hydrogen storage may become more efficient due to new materials

A hydrogen society is one that derives much of its electricity from fuel cell systems. In order for such a society to exist, efficient storage solutions must be in place. Current hydrogen storage solutions are relatively inefficient, which has slowed the adoption of fuel cells in several sectors. Manufacturing conventional materials for storage solutions is also a costly endeavor. The research team from UC Davis has developed new materials that can be produced more affordably. These materials can be used to produce efficient hydrogen storage solutions that are less expensive than their conventional counterparts.

Storage solution can be used wherever fuel cells are applied

The research team has developed a palladium-based nanofoam. The material itself is comprised of palladium nanowires, which are submerged in liquid nitrogen to ensure they remain in place. The material is lightweight, making it ideal for use in hydrogen storage solutions. The material has proven itself to be capable of storing hydrogen effectively. As such, it can be used wherever fuel cells are deployed, including the transportation space.

Challenges remain for hydrogen storage

The new material may aid in the establishment of a hydrogen society, but storage challenges remain. Some have criticized the new material due to its lack of mechanical robustness. The material’s low density means that it cannot store as much hydrogen as its more conventional counterparts. While the material can store hydrogen efficiently, the amount of hydrogen the material can store is significantly lower than the standards established by the U.S. Department of Energy.

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One Thought to “Researchers develop new material that could help set up a hydrogen society”

  1. Canadelectrochim

    Because of its light mass hydrogen has a very large energy density per mass of about 39 kWh for every kilogram of hydrogen, which is three times higher than the most common fuel used nowadays – gasoline. However, to drive a car with combustion engine for a distance of 400 km about 8 kg of hydrogen is required which at room temperature and atmospheric pressure occupies a volume of around 100 cubic meters ( way to high).Therefore for reasonable and practical applications the low hydrogen density in the gas phase must be increased by compression and temperature decrease ( very expensive process), or other high hydrogen density storage methods have to be designed. A good way to store hydrogen is by using special materials like for example titanium. Titanium which is like a sponge for hydrogen absorption and can store very much hydrogen which is being capable of absorbing up to 60 at.% hydrogen at 600°C

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