Aerospace industry to test hydrogen technology in HamburgJuly 9, 2021
New pioneering research projects are being tested for their ground and maintenance processes.
A Lufthansa Technik hydrogen technology testing project funded by the Hanseatic City of Hamburg is getting started in that German city.
The testing is meant to be extensive and will take place at Lufthansa Technik’s Hamburg base.
The development platform for the hydrogen technology will launch as early as 2022. Lufthansa Technik will work with the Center for Applied Aeronautical Research (ZAL), the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and the Hamburg Airport for two years. Together, they will test extensive hydrogen tech handling maintenance and ground processes.
To accomplish this goal Lufthansa Technik will be working with aircraft from the Airbus A320 family, which will be converted into a stationary laboratory at the Hamburg base. The goal is to test and learn about practical usage of liquid hydrogen, which is increasingly viewed as a critical component of the future of the aerospace industry. Developing H2 will be vital for large aircraft manufacturing as the world turns to sustainable, lower carbon fuels for commercial aircraft.
The collaborators are pooling their practical and scientific expertise for hydrogen technology testing.
The goal of the collaboration is to come up with a pioneering demonstrator together, and to have it operational by 2022. The Hanseatic City of Hamburg has funded this research project as the largest item on its special program list for mitigation of the pandemic’s economic impact on the aviation industry.
“Hamburg is not just one of the three largest aviation clusters in the world, last year the city also developed the clear vision of becoming a major hydrogen metropolis,” said Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg Senator for Economics and Innovation Michael Westagemann in a statement about the hydrogen technology testing project. “I therefore see it as both a logical and gratifying step to combine these two core competences of Hamburg. The port, the energy sector, industry and the entire mobility sector are involved and are preparing for this groundbreaking technology. With this project, we are now also making an essential contribution to the transformation of aviation into a climate-neutral mobility solution of the future. The clear goal is to build up a hydrogen economy in Hamburg that will occupy a leading position internationally.”
Reaction Engines which is developing the SABRE hydrogen air breathing rocket for space planes that will burn using the oxygen in the air up to Mach 5.4 and liquid oxygen for up to Mach 25, conducted a joint study with STFC in 2020 finding out that ammonia ( hydrogen + nitrogen ) can be stored in the kerosene wing tanks of airliners and could be burnt in existing jet engines using Reaction Engines heat exchanger and STFC catalyst to crack ammonia into hydrogen, the press release Reaction Engines, STFS engaged in ground-breaking study on ammonia fuel, mentions the ( Airbus ) A320 and ( Boeing ) 737 which you can read on Reaction Engines website News Page 2. Ammonia is much better, energy density is higher at 12.7 MJ/Litre liquid hydrogen 8 MJ/Litre and because ammonia is only compressed to 10 bar not hydrogen gas transported by tanker trucks at 250 bar or 500 bar ( 350 bar or 700 bar is the pressure in the vehicles fuel tanks ) or cooled at only -33 °C not liquid hydrogen -253 °C, ammonia is much cheaper to store and transport than hydrogen.